Peppermint, Hierba Buena, Menta negra and Menthe poivree
(Lamiaceae family) is one of the herbs most widely used worldwide, with a long history of safe use in medicinal preparations. Its leaf is used as a remedy for common cold, inflammation of the mouth, pharynx, liver, as well as disorders in the gastrointestinal tract such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, flatulence and dyspepsia. It is also used as antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and anti-carcinogenic.
plant is known for having several phytochemicals, including polyphenols that are highly effective antioxidants and are less toxic than the synthetic ones. This property makes it of great interest to the Food Industry, since the phenolic compounds retard the oxidative degradation of lipids improving the quality and nutritional value of food.
It is also of great interest for Medicine due to its medicinal activities as antinociceptive, antiinflammatory, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. The presence of flavonoids such as eriocitrin, narirutin, hesperidin, luteolin-7-O-rutinoside, isorhoifolin, diosmin, rosmarinic acid, and 5, 7-dihydroxycromone-7-O-rutinoside exert anti-allergic effects.
Flavonoids, phenolic acids, menthol, menthone caffeic acid, acetaldehyde, amyl alcohol, menthyl esters, limonene, pinene, cardial glycosides, phellandrene, cadinene, pugelone, and dimethyl sulfide.
Scientific Name: Mentha piperita
Part used: Leaf
Antimicrobial, Anti-inflammatory, Analgesic, alleviate stomach pain and treat biliary disorders, dyspepsia, Intestinal colic, and spasms of the bile duct, gallbladder, and gastrointestinal tract.